Mark Hill (1790-1878

RESEARCH STATISTICS

Surnames
Individuals
Families
Obituaries
Photographs
Albums
Burials
Cemeteries
Cemetery Photos
News Clippings
Sources
4,452
39,368

13,984
561
657
57
9,786
968
4,420
114
1,296

SEARCH

THIS DAY IN HISTORY

JUMP TO

TODAY'S MESSAGE

DISCLAIMER

Use caution, this site contains many unproven facts and speculation and errors are almost a certainty, Use this information as clues to guide your own research and always independently verify the facts stated. Where possible we have included images of records so researchers can reach their own conclusions.

Family History


Allen is an ancient Celtic name derived from Gaelic ailin or ailene = little rock or hard. Variations are Alan, Allan, Allegyne, Alline, Allin. Patronymic forms include Allenson, Allis, Allanson, Allison, Allinson, Hallison, FitzAlan, McAllan, McAline, McEllen, McElane, McKellan, McKellen. All of our Allen ancestors appear consistently in the records as ALLEN.

Allen was one of the most popular names when surnames were becoming hereditary. It is said to have to come into England with Alan Fergeant, Count of Brittany, a champion of William the Conqueror, and the first Earl of Richmond. It soon became common to Northern England and especially in Scotland which was the original home of the Allens. The oldest known form of the name, found on 10th Century coins was Alamnus. According to John Urquhart in the American Weekly of May 15, 1960, it is listed as one of the fifty most distinguished names in American history. The Allen coat of arms as given in Burke's Peerage is described as follows:

ARMS:     Six birds on a black and silver shield.

CREST:    A silver eagle, holding in its beak a golden acorn with green leaves.

MOTTO:  Truth without deceit.


 (last update 29 May 2003)

First Generation

Timeline

c1760 William Allen born in VA
1762 Keziah Anders born in NC
1773 Hannah Pride born in VA
1774 First Continental Congress
1776 American Declaration of Independence
c1781 William married Keziah
1782 Nathaniel Allen born in GA
1783 American Revolution Ends
c1784 Migration to Cherokee lands (CL, later TN)
1785 Peter Allen born in CL
1788 U.S. Constitution Ratified
1788 Lydia Allen born in CL
1789 George Washington Elected 1st President
1790 Southwest Territory (SWT) created
1790 William Allen born in SWT
1792 Mary Allen born in SWT
1795 John Allen born in SWT
1796 TN Statehood
1797 Daniel Allen born in TN
c1797 Keziah Anders dies
1798 MS Territory created
c1800 William married Hannah
Migration to Spanish West Florida (WF)
1801 Sarah Allen born in WF
Thomas Allen born in WF
1802 Elizabeth Allen born in WF
1803 Louisiana Purchase (exclude West Florida)
c1803 Nathaniel owns WF land
1804 Jemima Allen born in WF
1805 Lydia married John Stephenson in WF
1806 Aaron Allen born in WF
1808 Moses Allen born in WF
1810 West Florida Revolt
1811 George Allen born in WF
US annexes WF to Territory of Orleans
1812 LA Statehood including WF
St. Helena Parish created
War of 1812 begins
1813 Elisha Allen born in LA
William owned 100 acres on Bayou Sarah
1814 British campaign on the Gulf Coast
Nathaniel, John, Peter, William and Daniel enlist in LA Militia
Mary married unknown Spillers in St. Helena County, LA
1815 Battle of New Orleans
Benjamin Allen born in LA
1816 Daniel married Sina Wells LA
John married Nancy Day LA
c1817 William Allen married Mary Moore in LA
1817 Elijah Allen born in LA
Alabama Territory created
Mississippi Statehood
1818 Elizabeth married Eli Chance in St. Helena Parish, LA
1819 Sarah married George Pattillo in St. Helena Parish, LA
Arkansas Territory (AT) created
1820 William, Nathaniel, John & Daniel in St. Helena Parish, LA
Peter and Eli Chance in East Felciana Parish, LA
1821 Keziah Anders' father estate settled in LA; William, Nathaniel, Peter, Lydia, John & Mary present
Mexican Independence from Spain
1823 Anglo immigration to Mexico (Texas) begins
1824 Mexican Constitution ratified
1826 William and sons John, George, Moses & Benjamin arrive Mexico (TX)
1827 Hannah and sons Elisha & Elijah arrive in Mexico (TX)
1829 A William and Moses Allen are in Johnson County, AT
1830 Sarah Allen & George Pattillo arrive in Mexico (TX)
Lydia Allen & John Stephenson arrive in Mexico (TX)
William & Hannah back in St. Helena Parish, LA
Further Anglo-American emigration to Mexico banned
1833 Santa Anna becomes dictator of Mexico
Mexican Constitution of 1824 revoked
County of Johnson created from Pope, AT
Mary Allen remarried Charles Myers in Natchitoches Parish, LA
c1833 William Allen died in LA or Mexico (TX)
1834 Peter Allen is in Johnson County, AT
c1834 John Allen remarried to Luanna Taylor in Mexico (TX)
c1835 Moses Allen married Nancy Williams in Mexico (TX)
1835 Texas War of Independence begins
Sons William, George, Moses & Elisha fight in the Battle of Bexar
Son Nathaniel in Texas.
1836 John Stephenson fights in the Battle of San Jacinto
Sons George, Moses and Elisha escort remaining Mexican troops to the border
County of Jasper created
County of Jefferson created
Sons Moses, William, Daniel, Elisha, Elijah & John award land grants for military service
Republic of Texas (RT) created
Arkansas statehood
c1836 Jemima Allen married William Morgan in RT
1837 Peter Allen married Sarah Ring in Johnson County, AR
1838 William's land surveyed for his estate.
1839 Elijah Allen married Mary Hart in RT
1840 Hannah, Elijah, Moses, Mary, Lydia, Jemima & Sarah in Jefferson County, RT
1842 George married Eveyln Eddy in Jefferson County, TX
1843 Benjamin Allen married Martha McNutt
1845 Texas Statehood
1849 Elisha Allen married Margaret Wood in TX
1850 Elijah, Elisha, George, William, Mary, Lydia in Jefferson County, TX
Moses in Milam County, TX
Benjamin in Williamson County, TX
Peter in Johnson County, AR
1852 Hannah lives with George in Jefferson County, TX
County of Orange created from eastern Jefferson
1853 Hannah died in Orange County, TX

WILLIAM ALLEN [1911] was born about 1762 in Virginia. He performed patriotic service (non military) during the Revolutionary War  in North Carolina for which he may have been granted a land bounty. He was a frontiersman in the truest sense of the word, staying at the very edge of civilization most of his adult life. He moved his family to the Cherokee land (probably in an area which would become Blount County, Tennessee) at the end of the Revolutionary War and four years before the U.S. Constitution was ratified. This area became the U.S. Southwest Territory in 1790. Shortly after Tennessee became a state, in 1796,  he moved to Spanish West Florida in what would later become St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. He was there when the residents revolted and demanded annexation by the United States in 1810. Louisiana was admitted to the union in 1812. William remained there during the War of 1812 and the Battle of New Orleans. Five years after the Mexican Revolution, he  moved to where he died just before the Texas Revolution and the forming of the Republic of Texas. 

William married (1) KEZIAH ANDERS about 1782 probably on North Carolina. She was the daughter of WILLIAM ANDERS and was born about 1762 in North Carolina. Shortly after their marriage, they lived in Georgia where their first child was born. By 1785 they had migrated west to the Southwest Territory, near the northern border of the Mississippi Territory (present day border of Tennessee and Lauderdale County, Alabama) where their remaining six children were born. Tennessee gained statehood in 1796. Keziah is believed to have died there the following year. 


In 1798 the Mississippi Territory was created while the area south of latitude 31° north (northern border of present-day Louisiana) remained part of Spanish-held West Florida. William married (2) HANNAH PRIDE about 1800 either in Tennessee or the Mississippi Territory. She was born about 1773. 

 


By 1801 William migrated to Spanish Western Florida. He and his eldest son Nathaniel both acquired land described as being six or seven miles south of the border of the Mississippi Territory. In December 1803 the United States took possession of Louisiana from the French as part of the Louisiana Purchase. This transfer left West Florida under Spanish Control. Then, in 1810, settlers in West Florida rebelled against Spanish rule and declared their independence. It is not known if William was a participant in this uprising. 

 

In October 1812 President Madison claimed West Florida which became part of the Territory of Orleans. That same year St. Helena Parish was created. On April 30, 1812, the Territory of Orleans (land south of the present day northern border, including the annexed West Florida Parishes) entered the federal Union as the 18th state, Louisiana. In 1813 William is listed in tax records of Wilkinson County, Mississippi Territory. At that time he was the only voter in the household, owned five slaves and 100 acres of land in the area known as Bayou Sarah. It is likely that William had not moved but that confusion over borders resulted in his appearance in records by several local governments.

The War of 1812 had little impact on the region, being fought mostly on the northeast border with Canada, until the British defeated Napoleon. British troops were sent from Europe in 1814 in a campaign to capture strategic points along the lower Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast. General Andrew Jackson issued a call to arms for the defense of New Orleans. William's sons Nathaniel and John and his son-in-law John Stephenson (husband of Lydia) enlisted in the 2nd Division, 12th & 13th Regiments, of the  Consolidated Louisiana Militia. They served in the Florida Parishes, east of Amite River during 1814 and 1815. Son Peter served in Captain Thomas' Company of the Louisiana Militia. It appears the sons William and Daniel along with son-in-law Charles Myers (husband of Mary) were drafted into the 1st (DeClouet's) Regiment, Louisiana Militia. It is very likely that all these units served during the defeat of the British in the Battle of New Orleans under Andrew Jackson in December of 1814 and January of  1815.

In 1816 sons Daniel and John were married in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana. In 1817 the Alabama Territory was created out of what was formerly the eastern part of the Mississippi Territory. On December 10 of that same year, Mississippi was admitted to the Union as the 20th state. Daughters Elizabeth and Sarah were married in St. Helena Parish in 1818 and 1819. 

 


William and sons Nathaniel, John and Daniel are recorded in St. Helena in 1820. Son Peter and son-in-law Eli Chance are recorded in Feliciana Parish just west of St. Helena Parish in the same year. William, Hannah and children Nathaniel, Peter, Lydia, John and Mary were there in November 1821 when the estate of William Anders of North Carolina, father of William's first wife Keziah, was settled. 

 

In 1821 Mexico, including the province of Texas, gained its independence from Spain. In 1823 the newly independent Mexican Republic established the empresario contract system to colonize the state with foreign immigrants who would become citizens of Mexico. Empresarios were people who contracted with the Mexican government to bring settlers to Texas in exchange for 9,300 hectares (23,000 acres) of land for each 100 families that they brought. Colonist had to become Mexican citizens. Anglo-Americans were attracted to Texas because of inexpensive land. Undeveloped land in the United States land offices cost $1.25 an acre for a minimum of 80 acres ($100) payable at the time of purchase. In Texas each head of a family, male or female, could claim a headright of 4,605 acres (one league-4,428 acres of grazing land if raising cattle and one labor-177 acres of irrigable farm land if farming) at a cost about four cents an acre ($184) payable in six years, a sum later reduced by state authorities. Not surprisingly, most colonists claimed to be both farming and raising cattle. Another attraction was that Mexico and the United States had no reciprocal agreements enabling creditors to collect debts or to return fugitives. Therefore, Texas was a safe haven for the many Mississippi valley farmers who defaulted on their loans when agricultural prices declined at the end of the War of 1812 and bankers demanded immediate payment. There is no evidence to suggest that this is why the Allen family moved west.

 

Early settlers of the Bevil District of the Nacogdoches Department in the newly liberated Mexico included James and Absalom Jett (1823), Robert and Elizabeth Johnson, David and Jacob Gamer, Claiborne West and John McGaffey (1824), John Jett (1826) and John and William Allen (1827), John Cole, David Cole, David Burrell, and James, William, and Gilbert Stephenson (1828), and Theron Strong, David Harmon, and George and John Stephenson (1829), John Harmon, Stephen Jett, Hiram Bunch, Clark Beach, and George A. Pattillo (1830). Two early grants, now in Orange County, were issued to John Stephenson and Theron Strong on February 17 and March 9, 1830.

 

Later land records indicate that William and sons Moses (age 18), George (age15) and Benjamin (age 14) arrived in August of 1826. Hannah, her two infant sons, Elisha and Elijah, and daughters arrived in 1827. It is possible that William and his teenaged sons went ahead to establish a homestead then Hannah and the younger children followed a year later. They arrived before Lorenzo de Zavala obtained a Mexican empresarial grant covering most of what is now Jasper County in 1829. Though John Bevil is credited as being one of the first Anglo-American settlers in Texas, the Allens were not far behind. In 1830 George W. Smyth found about thirty families scattered between the Sabine and Neches rivers. Most were clustered near the present-day site of Jasper. It appears that William was given a grant for 2,214 acres of land (listed as Abstract #1 in district records) along the Neches River. This is one-half league, an odd amount for colonists. Nathaniel remained in St. Helena Parish until after 1828. Daughter Sarah Ann and her husband George Pattillo arrived in 1830. Son Thomas remained in Louisiana and son Peter removed to Arkansas. William and Hannah may have returned to Louisiana as they are listed in the 1830 census of St. Helena Parish. William died between 1830 and 1836 in either Louisiana or Texas. It has been reported that William is buried in Pine Island Cemetery in Jefferson County, Texas but no record has yet been found. It is possible that, after his death in Louisiana, Hannah returned to Texas, perhaps with her recently widowed son Nathaniel, though she was not in his household in 1835. 

 


Santa Anna, an officer in the Spanish army became president of Mexico in 1833. Immediately after, he named himself dictator, declared Mexico not yet ready for democratic government and abolished the Constitution of 1824. Then, in 1835 he decided to replace the federal system with a centralized republic and, accordingly, dissolved local legislatures and imposed a strict central control. Texans believed the new system interfered with their rights and  demanded that the Constitution of 1824 be reinstated. On 2 October 1835, the curtain on the Texas Revolution rose with the first shot fired at Gonzales. 

 

As the storm clouds revolt gathered in October 1835, it was apparent that the Allen's were to be in the forefront of the Texas War of Independence. On 3 October a Declaration of War is issued and immediately a call for volunteers to muster at Gonzales was sent out. On 11 October the Army of Texas is organized and Sam Houston is elected commander-in-chief. General Austin immediately set out for San Antonio de Béxar with 300 volunteers and requested reinforcements and supplies from Nacogdoches. 

 

Captain James Chessher, the long-time ferryman over Pine Island Bayou, mustered a company of Jefferson and Jasper County volunteers and joined Sam Houston's forces at Bexar. Members of his company included William, Moses, George, and Elisha Allen (sons of William Allen). Elisha, George and Moses were assigned to Lewis' Company on 16 November, the same day Austin ordered rationing for the troops. On 24 November Austin was ordered to go to the United State as Commissioner to appeal for help and Edward Burleson was elected his replacement. General Burleson was firmly convinced that it was practicable to reduce the town conceived a plan of storming the town with a party of volunteers from the army. He accordingly authorized his adjutant and inspector-general, F. W. Johnson, and Colonel Benjamin R. Milam to raise a force of volunteers from the army to attack the enemy on the following morning. Two hundred and sixteen men volunteered for this service promptly, including the Allens. On 5 December Milam and his volunteers attacked. For four days intense house-to-house fighting ensued. Milam was killed but the 1,200 Mexican troops were soundly defeated. There were 400 Mexican casualties but only two dead and 26 wounded among the Texans. On 11 December General Cos surrendered and moved his troops back across the Rio Grande. The victory at the Battle of Bexar effectively liberated Texas as there were no Mexican troops Texas.

 

A garrison of 104 Texans then moved into the Alamo mission. On Tuesday, 23 February 1836, Santa Anna's troops moved into the San Antonio main plaza and the General demanded an immediate and unconditional surrender by the Alamo garrison. The answer from the Texans was a cannon shot and the siege began. On 24 February Colonel Travis sent an appeal to Sam Houston for reinforcements. When Joseph Dunman reached Liberty on 1 March with a copy of Colonel Travis’ letter from the Alamo, Captain Benjamin F. Harper immediately raised a company of twenty-eight men at Beaumont. In Logan’s company were John Stephenson son-in-law of William Allen (husband of Mary) and Hezekiah Williams, father-in-law of Moses Allen. At Liberty, Harper’s company was merged with Captain William Logan’s company. They did not make it to San Antonio before the Alamo fell and all defenders were killed on 6 March.  

 

Harper and Logan joined Houston at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and the San Jacinto river and prepared a defense. The following morning Santa Anna's troops arrived but were stopped by cannon fire. On 21 April Houston's forces of 750 men faced more than 1,500 enemy.  Houston advanced and when within seventy yards of the enemy the command to fire was given and shouts of "Remember the Alamo" rang along the entire Texas line. Within eighteen minutes 700 Mexicans were killed and another 730 taken prisoner. Only nine Texans were lost. John Stephenson and Hezekiah Williams survived.  With the victory at the Battle of San Jacinto the battle for Texas was won. Captain George W. Hargraves was en route to San Jacinto with twenty-one men, including George Patillo, husband of Sarah Allen, John and one other Allen, when the battle was fought but did not arrive until after the surrender of General Santa Anna.

 

After the surrender of Santa Anna these men returned to their farms and ranches. But, even after the victory at San Jacinto there were a number of Mexican armies still intact in Texas, and the volunteer Texas companies were sorely needed to escort the Mexican forces to the Rio Grande. The threat of a renewal of hostilities continued. On 6 June 6 1836, Captain William Logan discharged his 90-day volunteers, but his lieutenants, Franklin Hardin and B. J. Harper, re-enlisted most of them into two companies. A number of Jefferson County soldiers served in each unit. Among Captain Hardin's enlistees were Elisha and James Stephenson, sons of John Stephenson (who fought at San Jacinto) and Lydia Allen. At Beaumont on 7 July Captain Harper’s enlistees included 2nd Lt. George Allen, Moses Allen, and John Allen.

 

Later that year the newly formed Republic of Texas issued land grants of one league of land to each adult male who was in Texas prior to 1836. Grants in the Bevil District were given to Hannah (apparently William's grant), Moses, and George who each were granted one league. Benjamin, Elijah and Elisha each received 1/3 league as allowed for males over 17 years of age. George Pattillo was granted one labor (177 acres). Additional grants were awarded to Moses, William, Daniel, Elisha, Elijah and John for their service in the Texas War of Independence. In 1838 George Pattillo, in his role as curator of William's estate commissioned a survey of William's land.

 


In 1840 Hannah was listed as head of household in Jefferson County, Texas. She has not been found in an 1850 census but is included with son George in 1852 tax records of Orange County, Texas. She died about 1853 in Orange County, Texas and is probably buried in Orange County, though it has been reported that she is buried in Pine Island Cemetery, Jefferson County, Texas along with her husband.

 

Children of WILLIAM ALLEN and KEZIAH ANDERS are:

  1. NATHANIEL ALLEN, b. 15 November 1782 in Georgia; d. 9   January 1852, Jasper County, Texas.

  2. PETER ALLEN, b. 21 May 1785, Tennessee; d. 30 September 1852, Hartman, Johnson County, Arkansas.

  3. LYDIA ALLEN, b. 10 February 1788, Tennessee; d. 1853, Terry, Orange County, Texas; M. JOHN STEPHENSON, 3 October 1805, Wilkinson County, Mississippi

  4. WILLIAM ALLEN, b. 16 June 1790, Alabama; d. before 1850, Texas.

  5. MARY ELIZABETH ALLEN, b. 14 Jun 1792, Tennessee; d. 4 Nov 1862, Orange County, Texas.

  6. JOHN BENJAMIN ALLEN, b. 9 Nov 1795, Tennessee; d. 1 Oct 1864, Texas; m. NANCY DAY 27 Jun 1816 , St. Helena Parish, Louisiana..

  7. DANIEL ALLEN, b. 13 Jun 1797; d. before. 1882; m. 1) SINA WELLS, 04 Jun 1816, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, 2) MRS. MARY MAGDALENA MCNAMEE GASTON, 5 Jan 1840, Kemper County, Mississippi.

Research Notes: There is some doubt as to whether William Allen, son of William and Keziah, has been properly identified. In this history William is assumed to have married Mary Ann Moore and fathered William N. Allen of Johnson County, Arkansas. No record of this William has been found. The presumed linkage is based solely on the fact that William and Keziah had a son named William and that William N. Allen turned up in Johnson County, Arkansas (where Peter Allen lived) with his mother Mary Ann Moore and that his father was born in Alabama. There is another possibility. There is a Milton Phillips buried on the Peter Allen farm in Johnson County. This Milton can be traced back to John Phillips of Lauderdale County, Alabama. After the death of John's first wife he married Susannah Whitehead, widow of William C. Allen who drowned in the Elk River in Lauderdale County in 1830. The difficulty with this connection is that his father moved the family to Spanish West Florida about 1800 when he would have been about 10 years old. In order to marry Susannah Whitehead, he would have had to leave his father in Spanish West Florida and returned to northern Alabama to meet Sarah and start a family by 1823. Keziah's exact death date and the date of William's marriage to Hannah Pride is not known so Daniel may be the son of either Keziah or Hannah.

Children of WILLIAM ALLEN and HANNAH PRIDE are:

  1. SARAH ANN ALLEN, b. 29 Mar 1801, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana; d. 25 Feb 1859, Orange County, Texas; m. GEORGE A. PATTILLO.

  2. THOMAS ALLEN, b. 29 Mar 1801, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana.

  3. ELIZABETH ALLEN, b. 18 Dec 1802, Mississippi.

  4. JEMIMA ALLEN, b. 9 Oct 1804, Louisiana; d. 5 Jul 1880, Jefferson County, Texas.

  5. AARON ALLEN, b. 9 Oct 1806. May have died before 1820; never married.

  6. MOSES ALLEN, b. 14 Dec 1808, Louisiana; d. Williamson County, Texas.

  7. GEORGE ALLEN, b. 1 May 1811, Louisiana.

  8. ELISHA ALLEN, b. 16 Dec 1813, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana; d. Williamson County, Texas; m MARGARET F. WOOD, 4 Sep 1949.

  9. BENJAMIN ALLEN, b. 4 Nov 1815, Louisiana; d. after 1850.

  10. ELIJAH ALLEN, b. 24 Sep 1817, Louisiana; d. Orange County, Texas.

 Bibliography:

  • 1805 States Census, Wilkinson County, Mississippi
  • 1811 Conveyances of West Florida Parishes, Louisiana, Book B
  • 1816 Marriage Records of St. Helena Parish, Louisiana (Daniel)
  • 1820 Federal Census, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana 
  • 1821 St. Helena Parish Louisiana Succession Records, Vol. C p.140 Nov. 17,1821
  • 1826/27 Las Sabinas, The Orange County Historical Society, Orange, Texas, 1986, p.15 
  • 1840 Census, Jefferson County, Republic of Texas (Hannah, Elijah and Moses)
  • 1850 Federal Census, Jefferson County, Texas, page 239b (George and Hannah)
  • 1852 Tax Assessments, Orange County, Texas (George, Hannah and Elijah)
  • c1860 Undated Letter believed to be from Augustus Allen to Mary (Allen) Hogins
  • 1861 List of Unrendered Lands, Orange County, Texas
  • DAR Patriot Index, Centennial Edition, Part 1, Page 45, 1990
  • History of Jefferson County, Texas - From Wilderness to Reconstruction, Texas, W. T. Brock, Nederland Publishing Co., Texas 1967, Chapter V
  • *Madeleine Martin, More Early Southeast Texas Families, Nortex Press, Quanah, Texas 1978, page 66

Help | Fair Use Policy | Privacy Statement | Home | What's New |  

Copyright ©1998-2006 Larry Kraus - all rights reserved. www.ancestry.larkcom.org