THIS DAY IN HISTORY
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4th Louisiana Infantry Regiment, CSA
St. Helena Rifles
4th Infantry Battalion was organized during the summer of 1861 and in
September its six companies were ordered to Virginia. The men were recruited in
the parishes of Madison, Ouachita, Franklin, Tensas, and Concordia. After
serving in the Army of the Kanawha, it moved to South Carolina and was active in
the conflict at
Secessionville. Later the unit was ordered to Mississippi, then was assigned
to Wilson's, D.W. Adams', and Gibson's Brigade. It fought with the Army of
Tennessee from Chickamauga to
Nashville and in
1865 it aided in the defense of Mobile. The battalion lost 6 killed and 22
wounded out of the 250 engaged at
totaled 116 men and 38 arms in December, 1863, and had 71 present for duty in
November, 1864. It surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and
East Louisiana. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonel John McEnery, and
Majors Duncan Buie and George C. Waddill.
The St. Helena Rifles were organized in Greensburg, St. Helena Parish,
Louisiana, in November, 1860. Left Greensburg on the 28th day of April,
1861, for New Orleans, were mustered into the State service at that place on the
30th day of the same month, and attached as Company "F" to the Fourth Regiment
Louisiana Volunteers. Remained at Camp Walker about two weeks and were
ordered thence to Camp Moore, and there transferred to the service of the
Confederate States, in May, 1861. From Camp Moore the Company was ordered
to the Mississippi Coast, thence to Berwick's Bay, thence to Jackson, Tenn.,
thence to Corinth, thence to Vicksburg, thence to Baton Rouge, thence to Port
Hudson, thence to Jackson, Miss., thence to Mobile, thence to Dalton, Ga.,
thence returned to Mobile, thence to Brandon, thence returned to Mobile, thence
to Bon Scour, thence to the Army of the Tennessee, under command of Gen.
Johnson, then confronting the Federal army under Gen. Sherman, near New Hope
Church, Ga. and remained with that command until captured near Nashville, Tenn.
in the memorable winter of 1864.
During the war the St. Helena Rifles were engaged in the battles of Shiloh,
Baton Rouge, Jackson, New Hope Church, Altoona Valley, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach
Tree Creek, Lick Skillet, Jonesboro, Franklin and Nashville. Some members
of the Company were in the seige of Port Hudson, and at Spanish Fort, and a
detail also accompanied the expedition that captured the United States gunboat
Indianola, on the Mississippi River, between Vicksburg and Grand Gulf, in the
winter of 1863. In all of the battles, on all of the marches, and under
all circumstances, the St. Helena Rifles fully sustained the high renown won by
the brave, gallant and chivalrous soldiers of the Confederacy; shrinking from no
duty, no matter how onerous, and braving every danger for the sake of Southern
independence. Peace to the ashes of those who fill the sacred and hallowed
graves of Southern soldiers. Success and prosperity to those who survive.
Appended is a list of the Officers and Men, those who were killed, wounded, died
in hospitals or at home, transferred, discharged, promoted, etc. This list
is believed to be accurate and reliable in every particular.
1. J. BUNYON TAYLOR, Captain - Mortally wounded at Shiloh.
2. H.M. CARTER, 1st Lieutenant - Slightly wounded at Shiloh;
afterward organized and was elected Colonel of a Battalion of Cavalry.
3. JAMES B. COCKERN, 2nd Lieutenant - Promoted to Captain and Inspector General
on Gen. Allen's Staff; afterward organized and was elected Major of a Battalion
4. THOMAS SPILLER, 2nd Junior Lieutenant - Resigned in October 1861; died at
home of disease contracted while in the army.
1. P.R. BREWER, 1st Sergeant - Elected Lieutenant January , 1863; taken prisoner
near Nashville, December 17, 1864.
2. W.N. HYDE, 2nd Sergeant - Killed at Jonesboro, Ga., 31st August, 1864.
3. JAMES M. BLOW, 3rd Sergeant - Wounded at Baton Rouge, and also at Spanish
4. WM. L. QUIN, 4th Sergeant - Died at Canton, Miss., May, 1862.
5. H.T. A(illegible), 5th Sergeant - Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862.
1. C.C. Thompson, 1st Corporal - Killed at Shiloh, April 6, 1862.
2. B.C. Quin, 2nd Corporal - Transferred to Stockdale's Cavalry Battalion
in 1863: afterward promoted to Lieutenant in the same.
3. R.J. Carter, 3rd Corporal - Transferred to Wingfield's Cavalry Battalion in
1863: afterward promoted to 1st Lieutenant in Carter's Cavalry Battalion.
4. A.C. Dean, 4th Corporal - Wounded near Atlanta, Ga., August 18th, 1864.
Henry O. Achord. Private.
Charles Bates. Private-Captain.
John Bates. Private.
William Stuart Bates (1817-1874). Private. Husband of Sarah Ann
Allen. Buried in Bates Cemetery, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana.
James Y. Williams. Private. Buried in Days Cemetery, St. Helena
Augustin Allen. Seargent.
Andrew Allen. Private.
Thomas H. "Blackhead Tom" Allen
(1844-1923) Private. Son of William Davis Allen and Laminda Holden, husband of
Marganie L. Bridges. Was taken prisoner at Nashville in December 1864. Buried in
Days United Methodist Cemetery, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana.
John Holden Allen (1833-1920) Private. Son
of William Davis Allen and Laminda Holden, husband of Missouri Susan Roberts.
John S. Allen. Private-Corporal. Afterward promoted to Sergeant;
wounded near Atlanta, Ga., August, 1864.
Easley (1839-1910). Private. Son of John Easley and Margaret Taylor, husband
of Elizabeth J. Bates. Buried in Bates Cemetery, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana.
George G. Easley. Private. Mortally wounded at Shiloh.
H. W. Easley. Private.
J. W. Easley. Private. Transferred to the 3rd Louisiana Calvary
Regiment (Wingfield's) in 1863.
N. Q. Easley. Private. Wounded at Shiloh; discharged in 1863.
W. A. Easley. Private. Wounded at Baton Rouge.
W. E. Easley. Private. Discharged in 1863.
4. Addison, W.P. - Afterward promoted to Sergeant; Killed at Jonesboro, Ga.,
August 31, 1864.
5. Addison, I.A. - Transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department, 1863.
6. Arbuthnot, W.C. - Died at home in 1862, from disease contracted in the army.
7. Arbuthnot, J.W. - Wounded at Baton Rouge and discharged in consequence, 1863.
8. Belue, J.L. - Died at Camp Moore, June, 1861.
9. Brewer, A.A. - Wounded at Jonesboro, Ga., 31st August, 1864; promoted
Sergeant in 1864.
10. Brewer, T.G. - Killed at Jonesboro, Ga, 31st August, 1864.
11. Bennett, E. - Transferred to ______in 1863.
12. Bennett, W.T. - Wounded at Shiloh, Baton Rouge, New Hope Church; and also
wounded twice and taken prisoner at Jonesboro, Ga., 31st August, 1864.
13. Bickham, J.S. - Died at Edwards' Depot, 1862.
14. Bickham, T.A. - Captured near Nashville, December 17, 1864.
15. Barron, J.W. - Wounded at Shiloh; taken prisoner near Nashville, December
16. Ballard, H.W. - Died at Clinton, Miss., May, 1862.
17. Bridges, G. - Wounded at Shiloh; being under age, was discharged in July,
18. Bradford, R.W. - Transferred to 16th Louisiana Regiment, July, 1863; died in
19. Clayton, J.R. - Killed at Shiloh.
20. Corkern, S.C. - Wounded near Marietta, Ga., July 4th, 1864; killed at
Jonesboro, Ga., August 31st, 1864.
21. Crittenden, B.P. - Transferred to Pointe Coupee Artillery in 1863.
22. Crittenden, J.H. - Discharged, June 1861.
23. Carter, H. - Promoted to Sergeant in 1862; in 1863 promoted to Captain in
Carter's Cavalry Battalion.
24. Carter, A. - Wounded at Jackson, Miss., July 1863; died in hospital in
25. Carter, I.F.
26. Carter, Laban - Wounded at Shiloh, and also at Baton Rouge.
27. Carter, W.M. - Taken prisoner near Nashville, December 17, 1864.
28. Carter, C.W. - Taken prisoner near Nashville, December 17, 1864; died Camp
29. Daliet, Jules - Taken prisoner at Altoona Valley, in June 1864.
30. Eady, E.S. - Transferred to Army of Northern Virginia, in 1863.
31. Edwards, C.H.
38. Friehland, Columbus - Transferred to Trans-Mississippi Department in 1863.
39. Furlow, John - Taken prisoner near Nashville, December 16, 1864.
40. Frierson, W.G.
41. Gyles, J.R. - Wounded near Atlanta, Ga, 28th July, 1864; appointed Ensign;
taken prisoner near Nashville, December 16, 1864.
42. Glasscock, G.W. - Wounded at Shiloh; died at home in 1862.
43. Goodman, E. - Transferred to Beaver Creek Rifles in 1861; killed in 1865.
44. George, John - Discharged in 1861.
45. Hyde, C.H. - Appointed Hospital Steward in 1863.
46. Hutchinson, S.P. - Killed at Baton Rouge.
47. Hutchinson, M.S. - Killed at Jonesboro, Ga., August 31st, 1864.
48. Hurst, T.W. - Transferred to a Mississippi Regiment in 1863.
49. Hart, James.
50. Jones, A.O. - Wounded and taken prisoner at Shiloh; the only man of the
Company that was with the Brigade at the time of the general surrender.
51. Jenkins, James A. - Died in hospital in 1862.
52. Kemp, T.D. - Discharged in 1861.
53. Killian, J.D. - Orderly Sergeant in 1863; elected Lieutenant in 1864;
wounded at Jonesboro, August, 1864, and captured at Spanish Fort in 1865.
54. Lambert, Joseph - Died at Edwards' Depot, 1862.
55. Kennon, C.E. - Elected 1st Lieutenant at the reorganization of Regiment in
May, 1862; promoted to Captain in 1864; captured near Nashville, December 17,
56. Kemp, S.W. - Appointed Sergeant in 1864; wounded at Jonesboro, Ga.
57. Morgan, D.A. - Killed at Baton Rouge, 1862.
58. Mayfield, J.M. - Died since close of war.
59. Nettles, J.M. - Elected Lieutenant at reorganization of Regiment, May, 1862;
resigned in September, 1862.
60. Nichols, _____-- discharged in 1861.
61. Parker, J. G. - Died at Mobile in 1863.
62. Pipes, J.H. - Being over age, was discharged in 1862.
63. Richards, A.P. - Wounded at Shiloh, 1862, and also near Atlanta in 1864.
64. Raborn, W. T. - Wounded at Shiloh; elected Orderly Sergeant in 1862; died at
Mobile in 1863.
65. Ramsey, W.H. - Elected 2nd Lieutenant at the reorganization of Regiment in
May, 1862; promoted to 1st Lieutenant in 1864.
66. Staples, J.M.
67. Saunders, H.A. - Slightly wounded at Jackson, Miss.; died in hospital in
Georgia in 1863.
68. Self, W.D. - Taken prisoner at Port Hudson; wounded at Kenesaw Mountain,
June 1864, and also at Jonesboro, Ga., August 31st, 1864.
69. Self, W.B. - Elected Corporal in 1862; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., August 31st
70. Spencer, W.T. - Transferred to Medical Department in 1861
71. Thompson, B.W. - Discharged in 1862.
72. Travis, H.D. - Died at home in 1862 of disease contracted in the army.
73. Taylor, J.M. - Died at Berwick's Bay, 1862.
74. Viers, H.K. - Appointed Sergeant in 1863; promoted to Orderly Sergeant in
75. Wright, J.M. - Appointed Corporal in 1863; wounded at New Hope Church, May
76. Williams, M.C. - Wounded near Atlanta, 28th July 1864.
77. Webb, James - Wounded at Port Hudson; afterward captured and died in prison.
78. Watson, T.G. - Elected Sergeant in 1862; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., August,
79. Watson, G.W. - Wounded at Jonesboro, Ga., 31st August, 1864.
80. Watson, J.L. - Transferred to 27th Louisiana Regiment in 1863; afterward
killed at the siege of Vicksburg.
81. Watson, J.C. - Wounded and taken prisoner at Shiloh; transferred to 27th
Louisiana Regiment, and captured at siege of Vicksburg.
82. Womack, J.K. - 1st Corporal in 1861; elected Lieutenant in October 1861;
elected Captain at the reorganization of Regiment, May 1862.
83. Womack, J.H. - Elected Corporal in 1862; Killed near Atlanta, August 1864.
84. Womack, G.W. - Sergeant from September, 1863, to April, 1864; wounded near
Atlanta, Ga., August, 1864; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., 31st August, 1864.
85. Womack, W.F. - Discharged in 1862.
86. Youngblood, J.T. - Died in hospital in 1862.
87. Youngblood, W.H. - Discharged in 1862; afterward joined the enemy.
88. Zachary, T.W. - Wounded at Shiloh; elected Sergeant in May, 1862; killed at
Jonesboro, Ga., August 31st, 1864.
89. Brewer, J.H. - Transferred to Company in 1863; captured at Port Hudson.
90. Cohe, David - Joined in 1862; died at Canton in 1863.
91. Carter, Martin - Joined Company in 1864; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., August
92. Dennis, _____, -- Joined Company in 1863; captured at Port Hudson.
93. Day, M.P. - Transferred to Company from 27th Louisiana Regiment in 1863;
appointed Sergeant in 1864; captured near Nashville, December 17, 1864.
94. Eddins, P. - Transferred to Company from an Alabama Regiment in 1863.
95. Easley, D.T. - Transferred to Company in 1863.
96. Green, Wm. - Transferred to Company in 1863; since killed.
97. Goodman, David. - Joined Company May, 1864; captured at Spanish Fort in
98. Knippers, H. - Joined Company May, 1862; wounded at Jonesboro Ga., 1864.
99. Knippers, T.B. - Joined May, 1862; killed at Jonesboro, Ga., 1864.
100. Knippers, L.W. - Joined in 1862.
101. Kent, T.H. - Transferred to Company from 27th Louisiana Regiment in 1863;
wounded and captured near Nashville, December, 1864.
102. Lea, R. - Transferred to Company in 1863; transferred to a Mississippi
Regiment in 1864.
103. Strickland, C.D. - Joined Company in 1862; wounded near Atlanta, 28th July,
and also at Jonesboro, Ga., 31st August, 1864.
104. Shaw, J.W. - Joined Company in 1862.
105. Story, Wm. - Transferred to Company in 1863.
106. Womack, N.B. - Joined in 1862; wounded near Atlanta, Ga., 28th July, 1864.
107. Womack, H.P. - Transferred to Company from the 16th Louisiana Regiment,
108. Yule, Thomas - Joined in May, 1862; detached in 1863.
109. Zachary, C.A. - Joined in 1862; afterward promoted to Lieutenant of
Total number of officers and men belonging to the Company from the date of its
organization to the surrender of the Confederate
Number killed in battle., 19; mortally wounded,
Died in hospitals, 13; died at home from disease contracted in service,.4.
Killed at home during the war, 1; killed since the close of the
Died in Federal prison, 2; died since the close of the
Wounded during the war, 34; captured,
Transferred to other organizations, 17; discharged,
Number of recruits that joined after January,
Transferred to the company from other
Number promoted in the Company – Commissioned, 10; Non-Commissioned, 15....